List of present and future topics:

This is a list of topics that I find interesting and/or important. Most topics are listed in the order that they are easier to learn. Earlier topics are generally part of later topics. I will try to cover most of them. I am also adding the part numbers/descriptions of particular components/tools I have next to the topic.

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Electronics:

  • Voltage – Volts – V – V = IR – Energy per charge
  • Resistance – R – Ohms – Ω – R – V/I – opposition to current – impedance – Resistor component for electronic circuits page
  • Current – Amps – I – I = V/R – 1A = 1 coulomb per second – moving charges
  • Basic Components (In separate entries)
  • – Resistor:  Ohms – Watts
  • – Diodes/LEDs:  Forward Biased – Reverse Biased – Zener – Schottky – Avalanche breakdown –
  • – Switch – Open:  Closed – Normally open – Normally closed – Push button
  • – Capacitors:  Farads
  • – Inductors:  Henry
  • – Light dependent resistor:  LDR
  • – Thermistor:
  • – Photodiode:
  • Ohms law and power formulas (added to other topics)
  • Power – P – Watts – W – P = IV , P = V2/R , P = I2R
  • Wattage – Watts – W
  • Multimeter measurements of electrical properties
  • V I characteristics
  • Coulomb
  • Joule
  • Thevenin’s theorem
  • Component tester
  • Power sources – Battery – Regulated supply – Solar – Wind
  • Voltage source
  • Current source
  • Capacitance – Q = CV – Charge (Q) equals Capacitance (C) times voltage (V)
  • Inductance
  • Signals – Square – Ramp – Sinusoidal – Triangle – Pulse
  • Ideal component
  • Tolerance
  • Series/parallel connections
  • Node
  • Kirchhoffs current and voltage laws
  • RC circuit – Time constant
  • LC circuit
  • Less common basic components (In separate entries below)
  • Bridge rectifier
  • Programmable unijunction transistor (PUT)
  • Transistors and other 3 terminal semiconductors (In separate entries)
  • – Bipolar Junction Transistors – BJTs – NPN – PNP
  • BJT circuits: Switch –
  • – JFET transistors:  N channel – P channel
  • – MOSFET transistors: N channel enhancement (normally off) – N channel depletion (normally on) – P channel enhancement – P channel depletion
  • – FET variants: MESFET – TrenchMOS – V channel MOSFET
  • Hysteresis
  • Ramp
  • Quiescent current
  • Silicon controlled Rectifiers
  • Shunt regulator (431)
  • Linear voltage regulator
  • Integrated circuits (In separate entries)
  • – Timers – 555 (BJT, CMOS, LinCMOS)
  • – Operational amplifier – Opamp (My op amp kit has: Single Op amp – TL0061, TL071, TL081, UA741, LM308, LF351 Dual opamp – TL072, TL082, LM358, LM747, OP07, JRC4558D, NE5532 Quad opamp – TL084 LM324 Poweramp – LM386 BiMOS opamp CA3130, CA3140, CA3240)
  • Op amp circuits: Inverting/noninverting comparator –
  • Pull up resistor
  • Pull down resistor
  • Logic Gates (In separate entries)
  • – NOT Gate – Inverter (digital/logic)
  • – AND Gate
  • – OR Gate
  • – NAND Gate
  • – NOR Gate
  • Tri state logic – 3 state logic – Three state logic
  • Switch bounce

7400 (HC) INtegrated circuit (IC) kit I have:


Names copied from wikipedia, mistakes will be made and corrected as found. Will also be altered as I focus on the IC more. Always consult the datasheet of any component you use. The actual component has 74HC** written on it. But I am just going to list them in the 74** format.

  • 7400 – Quad 2 input NAND gate
  • 7402 – Quad 2 input NOR gate
  • 7404 – Hex inverter gate
  • 7405 – Hex inverter gate – open collector
  • 7408 – Quad 2 input AND gate
  • 7410 – Triple 3 input NAND gate
  • 7414 – Hex inverter gate Schmitt trigger
  • 7421 – Dual 4 input AND gate
  • 7430 – Single 8 input NAND gate
  • 7432 – Quad 2 input OR gate
  • 7474 – Dual D positive edge triggered flip flop, asynchronous present and clear
  • 74125 – Quad bus buffer, negative enabled, 3 state
  • 74126 – Quad bus buffer, positive enabled, 3 state
  • 74132 –  Quad 2 input NAND gate, schmitt trigger
  • 74138 – 3 line to 8 line decoder/demultiplexer, inverting outputs
  • 74139 – Dual 2 to 4 line decoder/demultiplexer, inverting outputs
  • 74157 – Quad 2 line to 1 line data selector/multiplexer, non inverting outputs
  • 74163 – Synchronous presettable 4 bit binary counter, synchronous clear
  • 74164 – 8 bit parallel out serial shift register, asynchronous clear
  • 74165 – 8 bit serial shift register, parallel load, complementary outputs
  • 74174 – Hex D flip flop, common asynchronous clear
  • 74244 – Octal buffer, non inverting outputs, schmitt trigger, 3 state
  • 74245 – Octal bus transceiver, non inverting outputs, schmitt trigger, 3 state
  • 74273 – 8 bit register, asynchronous clear
  • 74373 – Octal transparent latch. 3 state
  • 74374 – Octal register, 3 state
  • 74393 – Dual 4 bit binary counter
  • 74573 – Octal D type transparent latch, 3 state
  • 74574 – octal D type edge triggered flip flop, 3 state
  • 74595 – 8 bit shift register, output latches, parallel outputs, 3 state

4000 series integrated circuit (IC) kit I have:


Names copied from wikipedia, mistakes will be made and corrected as found. Will also be altered as I focus on the IC more. Always consult the datasheet of any component you use.

  • 4001 – Quad 2-input NOR gate
  • 4011 – Quad 2 input NAND gate
  • 4013 – Dual D type flip flop
  • 4017 – Decade counter with 10 decoded outputs (5 stage Johnson counter)
  • 4021 – 8 stage shift register
  • 4022 – Octal counter with 8 decoded outputs (4 stage Johnson counter)
  • 4023 – Triple 3 input NAND gate
  • 4025 – Tripe 3 input NOR gate
  • 4026 – Decade counter with decoded 7 segment display outputs and display enable
  • 4027 – Dual J K master slave flip flop
  • 4028 – BCD to decimal (1 of 10) decoder active HIGH output
  • 4043 – Quad NOR R/S latch with tristate outputs
  • 4046 – Phase locked loop with VCO
  • 4049 – Hex inverter gate, can drive 2 TTL/RTL loads or 4 four 74LS loads voltage multiplier circuit might be added 
  • 4050 – Hex buffer gate, can drive 2 TTL/RTL loads or 4 four 74LS loads, non inverting
  • 4051 – 8 channel analog multiplexer/demultiplexer
  • 4052 – Dual 4 channel analog multiplexer/demultiplexer
  • 4053 – Triple 2 channel analog multiplexer/demultiplexer
  • 4060 – 14 stage binary ripple counter and oscillator, schmitt trigger inputs
  • 4066 – Quad analog switch (low on resistance)
  • 4069 – Hex inverter
  • 4070 – Quad 2 input XOR gate
  • 4071 – Quad 2 input OR gate
  • 4072 – Dual 4 input OR gate
  • 4073 – Triple 3 input AND gate
  • 4075 – Triple 3 input OR gate
  • 4081 – Quad 2 input AND gate
  • 4082 – Dual 4 input AND gate
  • 4093 – Quad 2 input NAND gate, schmitt trigger inputs
  • 4094 – 8 stage shift and store bus

List of 74LS** Integrated circuits I have.


The actual component has 74LS** written on it. But I am just going to list them in the 74** format. Names copied from wikipedia, mistakes will be made and corrected as found. Will also be altered as I focus on the IC more. Always consult the datasheet of any component you use.

  • 7400 – Quad 2 input NAND gate
  • 7402 – Quad 2 input NOR gate
  • 7403 – Quad 2 input NAND gate, open collector
  • 7404 – Hex inverter gate
  • 7405 – Hex inverter gate, open collector
  • 7406 – Hex inverter gate, open collector, 30V / 40mA
  • 7407 – Hex buffer gate, open collector, 30V / 40mA
  • 7408 – Quad 2 input AND gate
  • 7411 – Triple 3 input AND gate
  • 7414 – Hex inverter gate, schmitt trigger
  • 7432 – Quad 2 input OR gate
  • 7474 – Dual D positive edge trigger flip flop, asynchronous preset and clear
  • 7486 – Quad 2 input XOR gate
  • 74112 – Dual JK negative edge triggered flip flop, clear and preset
  • 74123 – Dual retriggerable monostable multivibrator, clear
  • 74125 – Quad bus buffer, negative enable, 3 state
  • 74132 – Quad 2 input NAND gate, schmitt trigger
  • 74138 – 3 line to 8 line decoder/demultiplexer, inverting outputs
  • 74139 – Dual 2 to 4 line decoder/demultiplexer, inverting outputs
  • 74157 – Quad 2 line to 1 line data selector/multiplexer, non-inverting outputs
  • 74163 – Synchronous presettable 4-bit binary counter, synchronous clear
  • 74164 – 8 bit parallel out serial shift register, asynchronous clear
  • 74166 – Parallel load 8 bit shift register
  • 74221 – Dual monostable multivibrator
  • 74240 – Octal buffer, inverting outputs, schmitt trigger, 3 states
  • 74244 – Octal buffer, non inverting outputs, schmitt trigger, 3 states
  • 74245 – Octal bus transceiver, non inverting inputs, schmitt trigger, 3 states
  • 74273 – 8 bit register, asynchronous clear
  • 74373 – Octal transparent latch, 3 state
  • 74374 – Octal register, 3 state

topics continued

  • Relay – Latching – Nonlatching
  • Waveforms
  • Pulsating – Intermittent DC
  • Sine wave
  • Square wave
  • Triangle wave
  • Ramp
  • Amplitude – Magnitude
  • Frequency – Period – Hertz
  • Phase – 360 degrees
  • Root mean square (RMS)
  • MIDI
  • Open circuit voltage (Voc): Fully charged battery voltage with no load attached
  • Voltage coefficient (Vc)

DIY power supplies

  • 18650 lithium ion batteries (li ion) – Alkeline – Lead acid – li ion polymer – Nicad – NiMh
  • Series batteries
  • Parallel batteries
  • Amp hour (AH) – Milliamp hour (mAh) – capacity
  • Supercapacitors

 Assorted circuits and fragments

  • Light an LED circuit
  • 2 LED polarity indicator
  • Voltage divider
  • Capacitor charge/discharge
  • Bistable – Monostable – Astable multivibrators
  • Current source
  • Inverter (signal)
  • Schmitt trigger
  • Pull up/down resistor
  • Inverting schmitt trigger
  • Shunt regulator
  • Capacitor/supercapacitor balancing circuitry
  • H bridge
  • Buffer
  • Tri-state buffer
  • Current to voltage converter (transimpedance amplifier)

WordPress/HTML/CSS

  • Tags
  • <h1></h1> – <h2></h2> – <h3></h3> – <h4></h4> – <h5></h5> – <h6></h6> – Text between brackets are turned into various headings. The “WordPress/HTML/CSS” written above was made with the code: <h2 style=”text-align: center;”>Wordpress/HTML/CSS</h2> in my wordpress text tab.
  • <p></p> – Indicates that all text between brackets is part of the same paragraph.
  • <ul> – Start of a list bullet point list (continued below). The dots I use throughout this page are bullet points
  • <li></li> – Bullet point followed by first list item.
  • <li></li> – Another bulleted list item. Can keep adding as many of these as you want.
  • </ul> – Ends the bullet point list that was started above.
  1. <ol> – Begins an ordered (numbered) list such as the one I used for this part of the page.
  2. <li></li> – The first ordered/numbered list item. I used it for the <ol> part of the code above.
  3. <li></li> – Keep adding these for each item you want listed. This is the third item I listed in this section
  4. </ol>  – And finally, this lets everything know the ordered/numbered list is done.


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