- Rectifier diodes, generally just called diodes, conduct current relatively easily in one direction (forward biased) and block current (up to a breakdown voltage that must be avoided) in the other direction (reverse-biased).
- LED components (LEDs) also conduct relatively easily in one direction while blocking current in the other direction (up to a breakdown voltage that must be avoided). LEDs light up while passing current while forward biased.
- Zener diodes come in a number of values, which pass current relatively easily while forward biased, but have a reverse bias voltage (based on zener voltage rating) that they block up to but then safely (within limits) pass current when that voltage is exceeded. This allows you to set a maximum voltage at part of a circuit.
As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases
- This website is only intended to provide supplemental information to those already studying electronics and takes no responsibility for how that information is used or injuries/damage that may arise. Electronics projects have a possibility of causing injury and or property damage. Make sure to learn how to safely work with electricity and consult the component datasheets, manuals for equipment, etc. before starting electronic projects.